Shoes for pronation, overpronation or supination
The terms pronation, supination and overpronation describe the motion of the foot during walking or running.
- Pronation is normal, desired biomechanics of the foot. Pronation is the flattening of the arch when the foot strikes the ground. The foot will pronate to absorb shock when the heel hits the ground.
- Supination, or underpronation, is the opposite of pronation but also a normal motion. A foot is in supination when the ankle appears to be tipped outside and the runner is standing on the outside border of the foot. Shoes from the Neutral Running category can be helpful for supinators. The Nike Air Max, Nike Air Zoom Vomero, and Nike Air Pegasus are a few suggested shoes.
- Overpronation can lead to injuries or other issues. Overpronation happens when feet roll inward too much and cause the rest of the body to compensate. Runners who overpronate usually have a flat or weak arch that allows this motion to occur. To combat the issue of overpronation, Nike offers motion control footwear that provides excellent cushioning and stability. Shoes in the Stability category on Nike.com, such as the Nike LunarGlide, can help with overpronation.
To determine if you’re an overpronator or supinator, look at your current running shoe. The outer sole of overpronators wear down along the inside near the ball of the foot. Overpronators also tend to have flat feet. Supinators’ soles wear down along the outer edge and their feet tend to have high arches.